Pediatric rheumatology is a relatively new and possibly the youngest sub-specialty of pediatrics which deals with children having bone, joint, muscle and connective tissue diseases. Since several childhood diseases have musculoskeletal manifestations, another name for pediatric rheumatology is ‘musculoskeletal medicine’
The specialty is only about sixty years old and limited teaching and training opportunities exist. Hence there are about a thousand pediatric rheumatologists world-wide with most of them being concentrated in North America and Canada.
The specialty arrived in India about two decades ago when Dr Raju Khubchandani of Jaslok Hospital Mumbai convened and formed the Rheumatology Chapter of the Indian Academy of Pediatrics in 2001 and hosted its first conference at the Nehru Science Center in Mumbai in 2003. Besides the center and team at SRCC Hospital which Dr Khubchandani leads, (amongst the largest in the private space in India), there are a handful of centers in the country, offering complete and specialized care for children with these maladies. Fortunately the list is growing slowly but steadily.